For Immediate Use : Wendesday 4th September
“ Launching dirty 101 after the Rio”
Ten years after the UNCED in Rio de Janeiro, significant environmental problems remain
and the state of the global environment continues to deterioate. In some industrialized
countries emissions are decreasing, but many countries undergoing rapid economic growth
and urbanization are experiencing increazing levels of air and water pollution, with
accumulating impacts on human health. In many poorer regions o the world, persistend
poverty is leading to accelerated degradation of natural resource. Conditions in natural
habitats and fragile ecosystems are still deteriorating in most regions of the world,
resulting in dimishing biological diversity. At the global level, renewable resources ,
in particular fresh water, forests, topsoil and marine fish stocks, continue to be used
at rates of regeneration. The overall trends with respect to sustainable development area
apparently worse today than they were in 1992. Under the “Dirty 101 after RIO’ program
we demonstrate the 101 most environmentally destrunctive cases including a review of
international organizations and multinational companies in the world.
In the regard, Korean Federation for Environmental Movement(FOE Korea) and Friends of
the Earth International launch “dirty 101 after the Rio” and designate the most worst 3
cases in the world and the special award that contribute global environment degradtion.
They are as followings ;
‘Gold’ : Arrogance of the worst climate change polluter, USA.
It is no longer a question of whether the earth’s climate will change but when, where
and by how much. Recent years have seen a number of ‘Floods of the Century’ and the
hottest year on record. There are indications that the human footprint on the climate
system in becoming increasingly visual. The IPCC said in 1996 that recent changes in
climate are “unlikely to be entirely natural in origin”. The new Bush plan is simply
business as usual. Under the Kyoto Protocol, the US agreed to reduce its emissions by 7%
against its 1990 level. By abandoning the Protocol, the Bush administration has abandoned
mandatory system that would have resulted in real emissions reductions. The USA is the
world’s biggest polluter. It is outrageous that President Bush refused to cut emissions
in order to avoid upsetting the powerful US fossil fuel lobby. This is an insult to other
countries who gave their backing to the Kyoto Protocol in Marrakech last year.
‘Silver’ : Corporate control everything in the world. :
Niccolo, please write this section because you know much than me.
Corporates control our livelihoods and they make influence everywhere. FOEI urged
Corporate Accountability before and during the WSSD with other NGOs. But delegates from
around the world do not rasing the issue on this because of strong lobby of corporates.
Governments’ delegates should have discussed on this matter during the WSSD for our
environment and next generations.
‘Cupper’ : Increase in production of GMO.
Since the first GMO, a new kind of tomato was developed by Calgene in 1994, GMO
agricultural products have widely spread over the world. Many multinational agro-chemical
giants such as Monsanto, Norvartis, and Agrevo have rushed to produce GMO. Food
industries like Coca-Cola, Macdonald, Nestle, and Danone have also diligently produced
and sold genetically engineered food. However GMOs cause serious concerns about the food
security, the disruption of ecosystem, the deterioration of biodiversity, and the
farmers’ right especially of the third world. In the USA, about 40 GMOs were patened;
more than 80 in the world. The GNO culuture area in 2000 over the world(44.2 million ha)
increased by 25-fold in comparison of that in 1995(1.8 million ha).
In the regard, NGOs urge WSSD to agree eco labelling for all goods, and especially to the
GMO products. But it was deleted. WSSD should have agreed eco labelling.
‘Diamond which is a special award’
WSSD opens in Johhanesburg in South Africa that is famous for Diamond. We designated
Saemangeum reclamation project as a Diamons, special award.
South Korea’s largest and most internationally significant wetland is threatened by
reclamation. Despite of over 85% of Korean people showed their opposing opinion, Korean
government decided to force the Saemangeum project in the name of the localism and short-
term political benefit in the middle of 2001 after 2 years interrupting the project for
nationwide hot debating between pros and cons. The project covers 2 main river estuaries
and 3 big cities in the south-western part of Korean peninsulr, stretching 35km from
north to south and 30 km from west to east. With construction of the sea-wall more than
half complete, time is quickly slipping away to save the habitat of at least 25 species
found at internationally important levels(at least 1% of global population). Saemangeum
supports 158 speices of fish, 76.9% of all fish species found in the West Sea. Over
200,000 shorebirds stopover here as they move along the East Asia – Australian Flyway
from Australia to Siberia during spring and summer. Construnction commenced in 1992 and
is due to complete in 2004.
Contact : Ricardo Navarro +27 72 401 5392
Niccolo Sarno +27 72 401 5386
Kim Choony(Korea) +27 72 453 3833