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제2차 뉴욕회의 준비회의 NGO보고서

197_제2차 뉴욕회의 준비회의보고서.doc

Notes reflecting the Multi-stakeholder Dialogue during WSSD PrepCom2 (29 to 31 January
2002).
Focussing on the final plenary, taking into account the preceding three sessions.
February 3rd 2002, second compilation of notes by Torleif Jonasson, Danish ’92 Group.

Please see if content reflects what happened and what you actually said. The third
version of this paper will also take into account corrections/reactions from the other
major groups (I have omitted the “obvious” points of agreements with i.e. Women, Youth,
Indigenous Peoples (the importance of gender, generational respect, rights of peoples)).
The part on NGO-points during the final plenary will be integrated into the following
overview part.

Highlighted areas concerning the other Major Groups:

BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY
· Mentioned 3rd party verification schemes and performance-based reporting
· Highlighted the need for governmental involvement
· Poverty eradication (alleviation?) as the main theme of WSSD
· Interest in a dialogue on corporate accountability
· Called for a SD agenda in WTO discussions
· NGO equality in actions
· Travel and tourism as case-study areas where MS participation have benefited SD
· Turn globalisation into a force for global equity and sustainability
· Criticised other MGs for leaving other MSDs to tell about them at press-
conferences (?)
· Challenged NGOs (and others) to participate in their Toronto-mining conference

FARMERS
· Food Security as a part of Jo’burg agenda
· Write off LDCs debt
· Small resource poor farmers find it hard to implement sustainability.
· Decentralisation of decision making
· Urged respect of precautionary principle

SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNOLOGICAL COMMUNITY
· Highlighted SD production and consumption patterns, health issues, bio-piracy
· Called for objective and transparent indicators
· Attention to bio-piracy
· During WG2 questioned the scientific validity of the precautionary principle —
Risk Assessment is more scientific

LOCAL AUTHORITIES
· Balanced Decentralisation
· Meet int’l agreed targets and decisions (i.e. Kyoto)
· Water is the priority urban issue in all regions of the world
· Reported on a performance-based climate change campaign to reduce green-house
gas emissions
· Public procurement as SD tool

TRADE UNIONS
· The development of social indicators of SD
· Full worker participation in MS approaches at all levels
· A central role for government, including local governments, in SD
· More cooperation between governments, int’l agencies and stakeholders
· Integration of SD objectives in all relevant areas
· The role of corporate accountability; OECDs framework supported
· Voluntary approaches must supplement, but not replace, regulatory activity
· A rights-based approach
· Sustainable energy fund should be supported.
· Restructuring Southern economies; Poverty as Summit-focus

INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
· Critique of mining-industry; need for corporate accountability through a
binding agreement with independent monitoring
· Problem of Global Deals: the rights of the less powerful being neglected
· The importance of peace
· Call to adopt the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

WOMEN
· New communication technology still leaves out large parts of populations
· Reassess the Global Compact
· Issue of Peace
· Globalisation’s effect on women as small traders and majority of the poor
· Greater corporate responsibility toward achieving economic justice
· Supported establishing an international sustainable energy fund
· Minimize corporate influence on government delegations
· Called for appropriate information-gathering and dissemination measures
· CSD to chronicle best practices of collaboration

YOUTH
· A Global Deal for all stakeholders
· SD based on Human Rights
· Call for Global Centre for Science, technology and sustainable development
· For Jo’burg want: a plan of action and timeframe of implementation.
· Children and Educationers as a new MGs
· Remove harmful agricultural subsidies
· Introduce green taxes
· Minimize corporate influence on government delegations
· Corruption as summit-theme
· Support for the corporate accountability-initiative
· Poverty eradication
· Free and equal access to information and communication

Highlighted areas concerning governments:

· Tuvalu (values, social and spiritual dimensions as prerequisite for successful
development projects)
· EU (noting an inclusive participatory process with common but differentiated
responsibilities; the need to change patterns of production and consumption; poverty
eradication; globalisation for SD; strengthened governance; finance for partnerships;
Global Deal)
· Indonesia (the Earth Charter)
· Netherlands (poverty eradication; put people first; stronger consumer
organisations)
· Germany (stronger consumer organisations)
· Israel (Advertising Industry and Consumer Community as separate MGs)
· South Africa (establish a global regulatory framework to address and change the
economic power relations; set up a global POA with concrete, time-bound targets for
implementation)
· Bangladesh (a vision beyond Jo’burg; mainstream SD)
· Japan (the dialogue should be continued regionally and nationally before
Jo’burg)
· Ghana (bio-piracy)
· Nigeria (the SD initiatives undertaken by Shell)
· Hungary (Teachers and Media as new MGs; challanged Business on use of natural
resources and changing production and consumption patterns; creation of concrete
timelines for for action of all stakeholders)
· Egypt (support to NGOs in Plenary 1; WTO to contribute to SD
· Countries who supported the MSD on the floor: Sweden, Philippines, Brazil,
Indonesia, Republic of Korea, Canada, Denmark, Israel, Bangladesh, Checz, Egypt, Hungary,
Japan, Bangladesh, European Union, (Belgium), (Netherlands), (Turkey), (China)

Points highlighted by the NGOs during the final plenary:

· Keep SD and poverty at the centre of focus
· The importance of partnerships
· Importance of investments in developing countries, as well as debt solutions
· The role of science
· Education for SD
· Gender integration
· Collection of data; SD indicators
· Access to information, resources, implementation, planning
· Bottom-up as well as cross-level involvement
· Importance of regional and national SD strategies, NCSD
· Training at all levels
· The strengthening of local and nat’l governments
· The importance of balance between the local and the int’l
· Expand the Youth Enterprise Initiative to include Community Economic Development
· Strengthen the CSD-process; inadequate institutions
· Integrate MS-process in rest of UN work
· SD is being reinvigorated through this MS-process
· Identify innovative alternative financing
· Food Security and Food Safety
· The precautionary principle and risk assessment can co-exist
· Reverse negative trends from Doha
· Build strong institutions to counter negative globalisation; strengthen CSD

Further points touched upon by NGOs throughout and between the sessions:

· A (New) Vision, based on the good things from Rio (the environment-development
link; the North-South partnership; the government-nongovernment dialogue; equity in and
between countries and generations; expanding rights of community and people).
Content/themes of this vision could include/build upon: Common but differentiated
responsibility; Precautionary principle; the North to take the lead (in changing
unsustainable production and consumption models, helping the South’s transition to
sustainability, initiating global policy and governance reforms); the South must give
priority to the social and environmental agenda; the forces of unfettered globalisation
must be tamed by a collective effort by governments, amongst other issues to reverse the
negative trends from Doha; a review of Global Governance; the rights of individuals,
communities and groups that are fighting for sustainable development and justice, must be
recognised and expanded.
· Global Deal must be credible; Good Deal = Good Faith
· Poverty and impoverishment; a global consumption tax
· Debt and debt cancellation
· Financing for Sustainable Development; link to FFD-process; FFD-process to move
to Financing for Sustainable Development; Alternative financing (i.e. Tobin-tax; a self-
financing World Marshall Plan); Technology
· Sustainable Production and Consumption Patterns (build on and implement UN
Guidelines on Consumer Protection, with special emphasis on confronting barriers to
change); ecological footprint;
· Good (Global) Governance based on principles and rights
· A rights-based approach; access to information, transparency; Rights to access
to participation and information; Principle 10 and Aarhus-convention
· Develop independent mechanisms (through conventions or guidelines) to monitor
progress
· Increase ODAs to accommodate access and participation
· The role of UNEP
· Anti-corruption
· Corporate Accountability and Regulation; Mining and regulation; a legally
binding framework/convention for corporate accountability (including corporate duties and
obligations; citizen and community rights; support of socially and environmentally
responsible government initiatives; liability and implementation mechanisms)
· Phase out of subsidies harmful to SD; (redirect subsidies to SD)
· Climate change; Energy Efficiency; establish an International Sustainable
Energy Fund (to assist countries to promote energy conservation and diversification into
renewable forms of energy such as wind and solar; to promote equitable access to
sustainable energy, poverty eradication, environmental and social protection,
technological innovation and dissemination)
· Public Transportation
· Freshwater: Community based and controlled integrated water resource
management; recognition of water as a fundamental human right
· Sustainable agriculture; Sustainable food production; sustainable rural
development (by legally secure rights to resources by the landless, farmers and
farmworkers, indigenous peoples and women. These assets include land and other resources
(water, credit, information, genetic resources and appropriate technology))
· Genetic Engineering: A formal ban on genetic seed sterilisation technology
· Forests (ratify CBD, invest in conservation and regeneration)
· Oceans; Biodiversity; Toxics
· Institutionalise MS-approaches at all levels (it must take place at nat’l level
as well); to take diversity of interests into account; Capacity-building needed for
public access; Partnerships needs power — empower the marginalized; MSD is more than
just consultation; A global framework is needed to institutionalise MS processes; MS-
delegations as well to the “real” CSD-meetings
· It is essential for each stakeholder group to have: Sufficient resources
(particularly financial, and capacity); Equal and timely access to reliable information
(particularly to information held by governments and corporations); Access to justice and
the recognition of human rights (with an emphasis on freedom of speech and the linkages
between human rights and the environment); Transparency of process; Respect for each
other; Availability of effective structures and mechanisms for consultation and
participation at all levels of decision making; A level playing field and equity among
the MGs.
· We need a clear definition of the MS-approach and how to measure it — to
assure a level playing field — the framework should include: a clear structure
(identifying all involved), objectives, indicators; supported by a sufficient budget
· Build coming MSDs on Bonn-experiences
· Distinction between SMEs and large companies
· Importance of Peace and Stability
· Importance of ratification (Kyoto, CBD)

Points of concern:

· Does the MSD erode the established modalities of overall NGO involvement; does
the MSD elevate certain MGs at the expense of others? Need for a legal and
institutionalised access for NGOs
· Diversity of expressions important, but so are tactics; strategise with other
MGs
· NGOs should have some clear demands/targets — just as we are asking of
governments — leading into WSSD, on points of concern
· The link to SDIN and the Southern Caucus

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