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The case study on Environmental issues in Korea

179_casestudy on Environmental Issue in Korea.doc

The case study on Environmental issues in Korea

August 23, 1997

Choony Kim
(International Co-ordinator)

Are there environmental groups in Korea ? If there are, they have truly worked to
preserve their land, and nature ? How many people are participating in Environmental
movement ? Are there any cases in which are reflected the national/local policy after the
citizens’ participation?

Water Quality

Case 1 : Penol emmission by Doosan Eletrical Co.

1991
March 14 : Doosan emmissioned penol by 30 ton.
March 14 : The people smell bad in the tab water.
March 21 : Boycott the product made by Doosan
March 24 : 10 citizens group set up the citizens group commitee against contaminated
tab water.
March 25 : The meeting on the water quality organized by President.
March 28 : Announcing the policy that can provide the people with clean water.
March 29 : Campaign down pour the beer made by Doosan Group organized by civic group
April 15 : Making the alternatives so as to improve the quality of the biggest 4 rivers
April 31 : Making a special law on the environmental crime

Case 2 : Wicheon industrial complex
1990 : Taegu munucipal authority want to bulid Wicheon industrail complex that is local-
level industrial at NakDong River site

1995
March : Taegu city was reorganised to great-sphere city. Taegu munucipal authority
want to bulid Wicheon industrail complex that is not local level but national level.
April : Pusan KFEM recognised their intention and then issued the problem to Authoriy
and they started to organise people and the others citizens’ group in Pusan.
October : Public discussion organised by Pusan, Taegue, Masan EM which is working in
YoungNam region

1996
January 9 : Taegu munucipal authority want to make public announcement on the operation
of the industrial complex. —postponed
January 13 : Pusan KFEM set up the civil committee including the wemen’s organisation.
July : Taegu munucipal authority formally want to apply their paln to the Central
government. —postponed
August, September : Central government want to announce the plan to biuld the industrial
complex. —postponed
December 30 – 1997 January 10 : The citizen sat in at Pusan city hall

1997
January 10 : The central government want to announce their plan at last.
Big campain in which civilian participated about 30,000 –postponed
Citizens’s committee suggested to make a special law regarding Wicheon industrial
complex their own way.

February : Public hearing held by citizens’ committee.
: The ministry of Environment prenotified regalization on this matter.
: Set up Driving committee conserving the Nak-Dong river and making a
special law consisting on the professors, citizens, regional assembly,
politial parties.

: Submitted to the National Assembly in the name of citizens living in
KeyngNam and Pusan

September : National Assembly will discuss two laws

Anti-Nuclear Movement

Case 1 : Instituting a suit against telling a lie
For Korea, We, NGO and citizen can not access to law or constitution on the nuclear
energy. And there are different recognition between NGO and the Ministry of Environment.
We think it is environmental issue but the Ministry of Environment does not think.

1994
October : the Ministry of Information and the Ministry of Science and technology made a
big poster with popular star that Nuclear energy is secure
November ∼ : KFEM immediately institute a suit aganist the advertisement telling a lie
the people and urged to have to compensate on spititual damage and untruth with the
lawyers. We inquired of the persons concerned of two ministry on this matter.

1997
March : Judge declared that they told a lie to citizen.

Case 2 : Nuclear waste storage at Dukjuk Island
1989 July : public release to build a Nuclear waste storage

1994
December 15 : Public release will be build at Dukjuk island.
December 16 : KFEM set up emergent committee at KFEM and protest visit to the Prime
Minister
December 20 : 200 residents of the island participated a demonstration held by KFEM
December 24 : KFEM activists and the residents was arrested by the police about 20
December 27 : public discussion held by the Ministry of Information. The residents
addressed their opinion that is against.

1995
January 1 : Dukjuk people submitted thier certificate of a seal impressment
January 6 : The national parties investigated the site of the Dukjuk island
January 7 : KFEM had a geological survey at the site
November 30 : Government declared that it is not reasonable to build the Nuclear waste
storage at Dukjuk island.

Wildlife Conservation
Case 1 : Let’s restore the Aiantic black bear to life
There were many Asiantic black bears in Korea for a long time. KFEM organised a lot of
publis awareness, traditional ceremony that can be comforted the spirit of Asiantic black
bear , campaign, hanging the placards downtown wall etc. Finally we urged to enstregned
law for people who make the wildlife endangerd. Throuth these activities, our government
is strongly punished the pelole who feed and killed the wildlife. Also our catchpraise
for membersip campaign is “반달곰을 살리자”.

Deforestration
Case 1 : Cancelation on the golf area
1995
Taegu KFEM together with Taegu people instituted the adminisrative legislation to stop
the build the golf area in the national park Kaya Mountain.
The Administration admitted it is violent the law that to build the golf area in the
National Park.
Case 2 : Cancelation a hot spring of Younghwa, Moonjangdae in National Park, SoKee Mt.

How does KFEM to organize citizens as a membership ?
1. How many the membership of KFEM -36,000(individual)
2. How to participate the citizens’ to environmental movement
Membership campaign-from 1997, KFEM has vigorously organized a campaign the citizens’
becoming membership for KFEM. whenever we have met the good opportunity that the
citizens’ can be membership the screening of environmental films, flower festival,
international cartoon festival, in front of the seoul park, etc. We build a booth, hand
out the pamphlet, hang the pictures so that the people may know the environmental
seriousness of Korea.

Education program for children, young people, adults
Especially for elementary school students, KFEM prepared program four times in a year.
After they are taught that environment is of grate important, they become membership

the activities to cancel regarding Taipower’s nuclear waste transportation to North Korea
by Korean civil society.

1997
January 13 : to be press released to Korea.
: Seoul KFEM set up a team regarding the above.

January 16 : Korean environmental ngos held the protest visit and delivered protest
letter to Taiwanese Mission in the name of 8 environmental group in Korea
January 25 : Demonstration held by Korean environmental ngos
January 27-February : GreenKorea United sent the delegates to Taiwan

January 28 : KFEM made a proposal to set up the Nation-wide committee against Taiwanese
transportation. Set up the Nation-wide committee that consisted on 48 civic groups in
Korea.
January 31-February 1 : KFEM formed the dispatch team to visit Taiwan with the
representatives of civic group, professors, and lawmakers.–met with the Taipower,
ruleparty’s lawmakers, Lanyu-island people(survey the damage situation of Lanyu island
people).
February 13 : Iissuing the statements by Greenpeace International, Greenpeace Japan,
Greenpeace China, Citizens’ Nuclear Information for Center(Japan), World Information
Service on Energy(The Netherlands), NuclearFree Philippines Coalition(Philippines)
etc.
February 14 : Demonstration held by the nationwide committee
March 14 : the 1st sea demonstration at Incheon.
April 14 the 2nd sea demonstration at Mokpo
April 22 : issuing the statement protesting against Taiwanese transportation to North
Korea in the name of delegations who was participating at Commission on Sustainable
Development in the United Nations
May 14 : the 3rd sea demonstration at Pusan
June 14 : the Fourth sea demonstration at Kunsan.
June 20 : Korean correspondent reported that Taiwanese transportation will actually give
up quoating information of the USA’s senator.
June 28 : The United nations adopted resolution on the radioactive waste management
submitted by Korean government.
June 28 : Taipower submitted thier papers to Atomic Energy Council(AEC) in Taiwan.
July 12 : AEC made a press release the result of investigation of the papers.
presently : North Korea is finishing to establish two tunnels to be stored the nuclear
waste. September : AEC will investigate the papers that Taipower will submit`

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